What is Human Trafficking?
Human trafficking can be defined as the "action of recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of someone using different tactics (threats, coercion, abduction, fraud, etc) in order to enslave them (sexual slavery, forced labor, prostitution)" ("Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons " 12). A more simple definition is the Human trafficking is the illegal trade of humans for the purpose forced labor (many people know it has the sexual exploitation of the people being trafficked). There are different types of human trafficking such as bride buying, child labour, debt bondage, peonage, penal labour, sexual slavery, sweatshops, wage slavery and many more. One of the reasons human trafficking is such an issue is because most countries, including the nation of the United States, have areas in which people are selling and trading persons without their consent. Many people confuse human trafficking with human smuggling because they are very similar. The one thing that helps differentiate the two is consent; in human trafficking, usually the victim does not consent to being trafficked or sold (not knowingly). In human smuggling, the person pays to be smuggled into another country as an illegal alien, and is usually not forced to do anything against there will , unless it has to do with getting them across some type of border ("Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons" 13).
History of Human Trafficking
Human trafficking dates back to when slaves were first purchased by the Europeans from the Africans in 1400 (Young). It has been around for centuries, and there is truly no comparison to what slaves went through back then and what modern slaves are going through now, especially considering that in today's society it is outlawed under any circumstance.
Child Sex Slavery
Among the many sub categories in that human trafficking consists of, child sex slavery and trafficking is one of the saddest and the worth. Millions of minors are being coerced or kidnapped in order to be sold in to slavery and exploited, the median age of most of these children being 11.